Bed bugs have re-established themselves as a persistent nuisance and a disgusting presence in homes,apartments and hotels. They creep most everyone out, eat us for breakfast, lunch and dinner, and through some sort of bug alchemy, manage to escape the toxic effects of pesticides and live for years until their next blood meal. In the battle of us versus them, we’ve harnessed technology such as vacuum cleaners, washing machines and clothes dryers. Thankfully, we also now have something more sophisticated to address our long-term goal of making bed bugs disappear permanently: genetic sequencing.
beg bug infestations have become a common problem. Although they were often previously associated with overcrowding and dilapidated housing environments, this is no longer the case. They have returned and can be found in the cleanest living accommodations including fine hotels and large apartment buildings.
1. Red stains on bedding or mattress.
It’s possible to kill bed bugs while they are feeding or just after when you move around or roll over in bed. The red stains are left on your bedding or mattress when bed bugs are crushed. This is easy to see if you have light colored bedding but is still possible to see even on darker bedding.
2. Bed bug feces on bedding or mattress.
Bed bugs will leave a blackish looking trail of fecal specks on your mattress or bedding. Bed bug feces is pretty much just dried blood. In fact, if you wet it very carefully with a small amount of water, it may turn red again and look like blood.
You’ll often find feces in mattress seams and other cracks and crevices. Bed bugs are small and flat and often remain hiding in such places. Also check seams in pillows, furniture cushions, floor moldings and baseboards for both bed bugs and bed bug feces.
3. Bed bug exoskeletons (or eggs) in bedding, on mattress or anywhere else.
Exoskeletons are the hard shell of a bed bug. This shell protects the bed bug and provides the structure for its muscles and organs. When the bed bug grows, it does so through a process called molting.
During the process of molting, the outer layer of the bed bug’s exoskeleton (called the cuticle) cracks and is sloughed off. This allows the bed bug to expand. A new shell will harden and the bed bug will be at a new size. They leave the exoskeletons behind. When you see them, it is an indication that bed bugs are there.
Check in the same places you would for bed bug feces: seams of pillows and cushions, folds in bedding, baseboards, etc.
4. A Pagent aroma.
It is said that when you crush bed bugs or have a heavy bed bug infestation, you can smell a pagent aroma. Different people have described the smell as:
Take all of it with a grain of salt. If you don’t have much of an infestation, chances are you might not smell anything. But if you are in your home and notice a new smell that seems out of place, it might be something to keep in mind.
5. Bed bugs bite marks on body.
Bed bugs tend to leave bite marks in a straight line or trail. Often appear in a series of 3 or 4 bites. Bed bug bites often resemble mosquito and flea bites.
The body’s reaction to a bed bug bite will vary from person to person. For most people, the reaction is limited to localized itching and swelling at the site of the bite. If the itching sensation is intense and you scratch the bites, there is a chance you could open the skin which exposes you to risk of infection. Some people however have an allergic reaction and require medical treatment.
If the onset of bed bug bite symptoms is not immediate, you may have a hard time drawing a connection between the bite marks and sleeping.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF A BED BUG BITE:
Sign of bedbugs are red, itchy bites on the skin, usually on the arms or shoulders. Bedbugs tend to leave straight rows of bites, unlike some other insects that leave bites here and there.
How to find signs of Bed bugs
The bugs themselves, especially along the seams of mattresses.
Tiny bloodstains on sheets and mattresses.
Dark spots of insect waste where bedbugs might crawl into hiding places on furniture, walls, and floors.
A sweet odor from bedbugs’ scent glands where bedbugs are found in large numbers.
The reasons they have returned is not fully understood, but is believed to be partially due to an increase in travel among people, which includes easy movement of luggage or other items that may have become infested.
Due to changes in regulations, pesticides that previously were used to control these offending insects are no longer being used, which may also be a contributing factor to their resurgence.
They can be very difficult to get rid of, especially if there is a severe infestation. Usually when this is the case, it is more cost- and time-efficient to hire a professional bug exterminator to eliminate the infestation and help prevent a re-infestation.
One of the initial tasks of control is inspections to locate where the pests are hiding and to determine the degree of infestation. The results of a thorough inspection can determine the treatment protocol.
Experienced exterminators know exactly where to look and use a wide array of tools to assist them with this task. Because they can travel throughout a home or building, inspections of adjoining rooms or apartments are also often required.
Bed bugs can be picked up almost anywhere, they have infested offices, stores, hotels, gyms and other high traffic areas. They can hide in your luggage. Rats can enter building with no pest control.Cockroaches can infest apartments and Restaurants